Thursday, April 29, 2021
Thursday, April 22, 2021
Wednesday, April 21, 2021
I can take a few educated guesses at just what the word Nonnewaug means.
Nonnewaug physically includes “the Nonnewaug floodplain,” literally dry land that once was a glacial lake or a beaver pond. It was under cultivation by Indigenous People living at the Nonnewaug Wigwams in 1672 and up until 1740. There is also a now stranded and disturbed diagonal row of boulders in the river known as the Nonnewaug and perhaps you could say it was: “The fish weir farthest up the little river that joins up with the Great River at Pootatuck.”
Tuesday, April 13, 2021
And a little more...
Friday, April 09, 2021
“Out of respect for accuracy, intention, cultural sensitivity and right of peoples to govern their self-narrative, Indigenous terms are here used to described things Indigenous. The term "cairn" is specifically Gaelic/Gailidh and properly applies to that cultural context. "Rock pile" was noted as inappropriate by the Deputy Tribal Historic Preservation Officer of the Narragansett at a 2017 conference, since relics are sacred and "regarded as grandfathers." Both preceding terms have been misapplied to Algonquian sacred relics, for which Indigenous, accurately descriptive terms are given below. Following is a glossary of terms in this article,” writes Rolf Cachat in Assessing Stone Relics in Western Massachusetts Part II: Patterns of Site Distribution (2018, Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Connecticut)…
Name of Algonquian nation + euw = name of Algonquian language (ex: Nipmeuw, Massachuseuw, Lënapeuw, also spelled Lunapeeuw).
máunumúet(ash) - place(s) of ceremonial gathering (ehenda mawewink, Lënapeuw, mawighunk, Mahhekanneuw).
kodtonquag(kash) - ceremonial stone grouping (káhtôquwuk, Narragansett), allegorically, a 'stone prayer.'
hasennnípaü - "standing stone" (Nipmeuw; suns nipámu Narragansett).
Wawanaquassik - honoring stones place (Mahhekanneok).
manito(u), manitoiwuk - a spirit being, of the spirit beings (a group, or some of the spirit beings).
nípaü kodtonquag(kash) - stone groupings, either tabular or round stones, stacked in upright courses on top of boulder bases (Nipmeuw).
anogkuéu kodtonquag(kash) - barely elevated low mound of concentric circles of smooth/round cobbles or very small stones, sometimes variable as pebbles without organized rings (Nipmeuw).
"In regard to stone features including 'massive or small structures, stacked, stone rows or effigies,' the USET states, for thousands of years before the immigration of Europeans, the medicine people of the USET tribal ancestors used these sacred landscape s to sustain the people’s reliance on Mother Earth and the spirit energies of balance and harmony (USET 2007)."
“To summarize here, prayer rituals and other ceremonies at stone groupings are established in traditions connecting closely related Algonquians from Lënapeuk (Delaware) homelands in Eastern Pennsylvania to Nahigganeuk (Narragansett) in Rhode Island (and beyond; see USET statement above)…”
“The convergence of water, earth and sky within the stories of constellations in relation to the people and time is the basis of the predominant calendric rites of regional Algonquians, and explains the choice of location for sacred stone groupings (Cachat-Schilling 2016:41-43). Themes of connectedness, reciprocity, prayerfulness and continuity are expressed through máunumúetash.”